Chopin The Great Composer of Small Forms


The Polish composer, nicknamed the 'Poet of the Piano', is one of the best composers of the Romantic Period. He received his first lessons from his mother at a young age. When he was only 12 years old, his teacher said, "I have nothing to teach you anymore". Throughout his composing career, he raised the feelings of humanity by using lyrical style, ornaments that integrate with the melody, fluent and colorful harmonies, romanticism and presented them to his audience with a unique purity. Chopin's love for Mozart and Bach, which started in his youth, was instilled by his teacher, violinist and pianist Wojciech Zywny, from whom he took lessons at a young age, and grew within him over time.

The composer, who started to compose his first works in these years, created the first written work that has survived to the present day with La Flat Major Polonez. All of Chopin's compositions contain piano. Most of them are solo piano, but there are two piano concertos. The work known today as the first piano concerto was actually composed after the second concerto. He also composed two separate series in etud form, each consisting of twelve short pieces. The feature that distinguishes these etudes from other compositions is that Chopin composed "poetic pieces with high artistic value, exceeding the pianist's mission to develop technique". In addition, nocturnal composition has been the most effective way for his career to reach its peak.

The inventor of the nocturnal form is John Field, but Chopin succeeded in developing the nocturnal form he received from Field and making it synonymous with his name. He also benefited from the art of counterpoint, of which he was a master, in nocturn composition.

Chopin reflected his introversion and sensitive nature to his compositions as a result of his character. He graduated from the Conservatory in Warsaw in 1829 and settled in Vinaya. Vienna, the center of the classical movement, could not host Chopin. The composer, who could not see the interest and value he expected here, settled in Paris, the capital of the romantic movement, after giving a few important concerts. The composer, who got used to the country easily due to the Polish colonies in Paris and the liberal structure of Paris, included Heinrich Heine, French Liszt, Hector Berlioz etc. won the friendship of names. Chopin last appeared on the stage with Franchomme on February 16, 1848, in Paris. In this concert, they played three parts of the cello-piano sonata. Completing the last piece of the concert, Barkarol, with difficulty, the composer had a hard time getting off the stage due to the worsening of his illness.


Since Chopin's rise to fame, he has refrained from performing in front of large audiences in large halls. Unlike Franz Liszt, he preferred small ensembles in the intellectual salons of Paris. The underlying reason for this was that Chopin had an introverted character and his sensitive nature could not handle such organizations. Chopin expert Arthur Hedley underlined that it is a rare situation in history for a pianist who gave XNUMX concerts in front of the public to have such fame and reputation. In addition, Chopin's comfortable life can be attributed to the fact that he gives lectures for high fees and earns income from the publication of his works.


Chopin and Sand's paths first crossed in 1836. Chopin found Sand too masculine after this encounter and they did not meet after that day. The two, whose paths crossed again in 1838, fell in love this time. While the two were in love on the island of Majorca, Chopin's fragile and sensitive body could not stand the harsh weather conditions.

It was also during this period that Chopin had tuberculosis. In addition, the pianist, who never stopped producing, composed the Opus 28 preludes, ballads and scherzos. Chopin reduced his concerts during his relationship with Sand. Chopin, whose career deteriorated with the progression of his illness and whose relationship deteriorated as it became difficult to understand, fell into an emotional depression and had to end his relationship.

Serhan Bali; Romantic Era Composers in Music


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