Beethoven's 9th Symphony is undoubtedly one of the most important works in the history of human culture.
I am sure that even those of us who are not familiar with Western Classical Music will remember the chorus and melody in the last part of the piece.
The adventure of the emergence of this melody dates back to 1823, when the work was completed. In 1793, when Beethoven was only 23, this request was expressed in a letter from Professor Fischenich to the German poet Schiller:
[Beethoven] proposes to compose for Schiller's Freude. Moreover, line by line.Professor Fischenich
As a matter of fact, this idea manifests itself in the composer's sketchbook (with the nickname “Grasnick 1” (1798-99)).Picture 1) appears on page 25. The composer transcribed a line from Schiller's poem (Picture 2)
Seid umschlungen, Millionen! Diesen Kuß der ganzen Welt! Brüder, my über Sternenzelt Muß ein lieber Vater wohnen. Ihr stürzt nieder, Millionen? Ahnest du den Schöpfer, Welt? Such' ihn über'm Sternenzelt! Über Sternen mußer wohnen.
At the beginning of 1823, Beethoven again reviewed Schiller's work. In the speech book number 21, on January 27 (Picture 3) gets the following note. Strange coincidence? Mozart's birthday is also January 27.
Vielleicht hat karl schillers gedichte
ENG: “Probably Karl has Schiller's poetry”
The work was completed at the end of 1823, and was notated in February 1824.
Sketchbook with the pseudonym “Landsberg 8” (1823-24) (Picture 4) contains all parts of the work in thematic form. The inks of the great composer that left their mark on the cultural history can be seen on page 109 (Picture 5)