Understanding the Artwork

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"Now ! Find 'something' that affects you and will be the beginning of your present life.”

We can only achieve what is artistically true through feeling. The beginning of creation is the feeling itself. This creative feeling cannot be limited to any theory. Painters, musicians, sculptors are in our lives as the true masters of this feeling. Our feelings are grounded in our sense contents. Sensory contents collected into 2 groups; smell, taste, hearing and sight, and the other group is divided into touch. The French thinker Condillac, for the sense of touch and sculpture, at this point, ''the sense of touch gives the sculpture its consciousness, whereas it (the sculpture) experiences everything it smells, tastes, hears, sees as variations of its own existence. ' he says. Touch is also the point where resistance begins. Through the sense of touch, two mutually exclusive things are perceived in the same space, and the sculpture thus makes it realize not with its own mode of existence, but with these two things, with their mode of existence. Thus, he recognizes his own body and foreign bodies. Feeling, desiring, wanting are transformations of sensation. Such things are not forced, but exist in the soul of the artist.

While the things that pass before our eyes in seconds become temporary for us, the artist collects them and kneads them by adding a lot of himself. He intuitively grasps it and pursues it and does not leave it until his account with him is finished. The objects that we see around us as our physical needs are subject to 'immanence' in the eyes of the artist. As the Oxford philosopher Alfred North Whitehead said, we must be prepared to take this immanence into our lives. We can feel this spirituality if we watched Wagner's Lohengrin at the Moscow Theater or by looking at Monet's paintings for a long time. Kandinsky pursued this spiritual immanence throughout his artistic life, and became passionate about the idea of ​​freeing his painting from the physicality of objects and catching the musical harmony of color. This should be exactly what art and the artist do, getting rid of physicality and being able to see and convey the sound and color of objects.

Understanding Immanence in the Cosmic Order

The immanence of a work of art is free from time and all rules. In Kandinsky's description, this is the "Imprevision" state. Impregnation; It's completely instinctive. While ignoring the external elements of nature, there is a sudden expression of seemingly interconnected events in the immanent and hidden nature of the artist's own emotions. Barnett Newman is the first to come to mind among the artists who defy time with this immanent understanding. In his works, he turned to a completely immanent metaphysics that got rid of the object. Artist; He is defined by his paintings of pure spirituality, where universal experience meets direct intuition.

In 1958 Cross Stations The artist, who started a series of paintings called The Passion of Christ, created 14 paintings, alluding to the 14 stages taken by Christ's Passion. He revealed this painful journey using the sounds of black and white. Newman managed to reach the soul of the audience with his mystical abstractions in his works. He expressed this with the following sentence: “I think we need to not only look at the pictures, but also understand the refined spirituality and mysticism that the colors and size suggest."

Yves Klein was another artist, like Newman, who gave importance to "immanence" in his works. He preferred to serve the purpose of pure color without using lines and forms. Klein reached his spiritual world and the subject of immanence by working on the philosophy of the Rosicrucian Order, according to the philosophy of this order; The world is approaching the end of the Age of Matter, in which the soul is imprisoned in solid bodies. This thought has made him an artist who has become an initiate of the modern age in his paintings, where the soul can be independent of forms and selves can travel independently of the body. We can understand the immanent expression that Klein wants to share with the audience, with his exhibition titled "Anthropometries" in 1960, the costumes of the Order of St. Sebastian, the Monotone Symphony concert and the lively brush performance in which the color blue is covered with bodies.

When it comes to artistic immanence in the field of music, the first name that comes to mind is Claude Debussy. In Debussy's works, musical experience transforms beyond being acoustic into a realm where pure spirituality comes to the fore. He started the music of the future in this way. Undoubtedly, music is the furthest from materiality among all branches of art.

For the spirituality contained in music, Kandinsky … are the color keys. It's eye catching. The soul is the piano. The artist is the hand that causes vibrations in the soul by using these keys appropriately."He said.

Paul Signac said, "Music finds its own resonance in people. One cannot love a tone that has no equivalent in his soul. This is best expressed by Shakespeare in The Merchant of Venice (VI).

man without music

Not tempted by sweet tunes

It is prone to betrayal, cheating and sedition.

The folds of your soul are as lifeless as the night

He is dark like Erebus and his compassion

Listen to the word of the music

Don't trust such a man

We make different journeys throughout our lives, sometimes we reach the timelessness of a music and sometimes we reach the spacelessness in front of a painting. Spirituality, the unique expression of art, which helped us reduce time and space to the zero point, made it immortal. These trips we make should add different things to us; We develop thanks to the music we listen to, the landscapes we look at, the people we choose and the experiences they cause, and we feed our souls with them like our bodies.

As Socrates said, “Know thyself!”, we must not forget this saying in order to find the appropriate one in creating ourselves, and we must follow the inner values ​​and even be able to deepen in the spiritual possibilities of art.

references

Wassily Kandinsky, ''On Spirituality in Art'' Ketebe Publishing House May2020, Istanbul Print:1 p: 26,65,83
Jonathan Fineberg, ''Art from 1940 to Today, Strategies of Being'' Karakalem Publishing House 2014.

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