One of the first communication tools that human beings started to use with their self-discovery was their voice. Music, which is thought to be a gift to people from the gods, has also been associated with mathematics thanks to the reflection of famous philosophers of the period such as Pythagoras. Music, which did not lose its importance in monotheistic religions, continued its existence in temples and many important religious ceremonies.
The word music originates from the Muses of Greek mythology. It means an art that belongs to Moses, befitting Moses.
“These are nine kindhearted girls, All their job is to sing songs…
The nine divine daughters of the great Zeus, Klio, Euterpe, Thalia, Melpomene, Tepsichore, Erato, Polhymnia, Urania, and Calliope, who is considered the head of them all.
This is what the Moses gave to the people
Bards and musicians on earth come from Moses and the archer Apollo. Just as they come from Zeus, kings come.”
(Hesiod, Theogonia, Azra Erhat, Dictionary of Mythology)
The ancient Greeks considered music the basis of virtue.
According to them, music has been the most important factor that purifies and elevates the soul. This is how Hesiod talks about the formation of art in his work Theogonia, in which he describes the beginning of everything. One of the oldest in the history of art, which is as old as the history of man, is music.
The history of music began when man began to hear and use his own voice, when he saw that it clapped his feet and hands and made a sound, when he discovered how to blow on an animal bone and transmit his voice farther.
Human music since ancient thinkers; He thought of the natural rhythm of the universe as the harmony of the soul. The unbroken order of the years, months, seasons, night and day from the movement of nature has created a perception of rhythm and harmony in people.
Aristotle, one of the thinkers who realized this, emphasized the similarity of music and spiritual harmony. According to Aristotle, music expresses spiritual passions. It is a tool that displays sadness, peace and courage. He said that good music is necessary for the discipline of the brain, as the personality of those who are used to listening to bad music will also develop in a bad way.
Another philosopher, who has made long studies on music, has given equal importance to Arithmetic, Geometry, Astronomy and Music in the program of Pythagoras (586 BC).
It has been argued that music, which is the most developed among the human senses, directly appeals to the sense of hearing, is free of matter, and is directly combined with the human spirit, and often has a mystical meaning.
Plato stated that songs and poems have existed for ten thousand years since then, because of their inspiring and glorifying qualities, they could only have been composed by gods or godlike people.
In accordance with this situation, Hippocrates, who is considered the father of medicine, used to take some mentally ill patients to the temple of hymns for treatment. Some documents found in the temple of Delphi show that ancient and true Greeks used music to soothe some physical and spiritual sufferings.
We cannot describe the shape of what man calls 'soul', we cannot touch it, but we can hear its voice. Hearing his own voice in order to get rid of his loneliness, the human son first began to hum to worship the forces of nature, made more rhythmic sounds when he was happy, screamed when he was afraid, louder when he was angry, and thus found the rhythm that reflected the changes of his own mood and followed it from that time to the present. continued. He continued his journey by creating melodies describing joy, sadness or pain. This idea developed the belief that in primitive societies, every creature, whether alive or dead, has a secret voice and song of its own. It has been found that these sounds or songs are used to cast spells, break the spell, turn them into extas.
With the transition to settled life, music began to change shape.
Songs that were first murmured to find the gods turned into religious hymns when they were convinced they had found it. People, who understood the aspect of music that especially intensifies the emotions, started to use sounds and rhythm as an indispensable element in their ceremonies for purification and sanctification.
It continued to be reflected in the monotheistic religions as well. The historian Kleman of Alexandria, Hz. It is written that Moses learned all sciences, especially medicine and music, from the Egyptians. Hebrews recitative (like a speech-like song) style Torah readings are seen and Hz. Moses advised it to be this way.
Luther, the founder of Protestantism, was a good musician, he saw music as a gift from God. Church dignitaries also saw music as an element that brought people closer to God and established choirs.
The place of music in church belief is also mentioned in the Gospel of Shem, lines 16-23:
“When the devil spirit took hold of Saul, he took the war of David and began to steal. The demon spirit then went away. And Saul was relieved.”
The journey that music started today; primitive or philosophical, mathematical or spiritual, mystical or religious, it continues by opening new paths for itself every time.
In order to keep up with the road, it is useful not to leave the melody from the ages ago. Perhaps this melody is as sung by Hildegar, who became choirmaster and Benedictine Abbey (1136).
“These are coming from the supreme light, not from my mouth as a female and delicate servant.”
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